In the beginning was the word…

Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς τὸν θεόν. πάντα δι’ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο, καὶ χωρὶς αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο οὐδὲ ἕν. ὃ γέγονεν ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἦν, καὶ ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων· καὶ τὸ φῶς ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ φαίνει, καὶ ἡ σκοτία αὐτὸ οὐ κατέλαβεν. Ἐγένετο ἄνθρωπος, ἀπεσταλμένος παρὰ θεοῦ, ὄνομα αὐτῷ Ἰωάννης· οὗτος ἦλθεν εἰς μαρτυρίαν ἵνα μαρτυρήσῃ περὶ τοῦ φωτός, ἵνα πάντες πιστεύσωσιν δι’ αὐτοῦ. οὐκ ἦν ἐκεῖνος τὸ φῶς, ἀλλ’ ἵνα μαρτυρήσῃ περὶ τοῦ φωτός. Ἦν τὸ φῶς τὸ ἀληθινόν, ὃ φωτίζει πάντα ἄνθρωπον, ἐρχόμενον εἰς τὸν κόσμον. ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ ἦν, καὶ ὁ κόσμος δι’ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο, καὶ ὁ κόσμος αὐτὸν οὐκ ἔγνω. εἰς τὰ ἴδια ἦλθεν, καὶ οἱ ἴδιοι αὐτὸν οὐ παρέλαβον. ὅσοι δὲ ἔλαβον αὐτόν, ἔδωκεν αὐτοῖς ἐξουσίαν τέκνα θεοῦ γενέσθαι, τοῖς πιστεύουσιν εἰς τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ, οἳ οὐκ ἐξ αἱμάτων οὐδὲ ἐκ θελήματος σαρκὸς οὐδὲ ἐκ θελήματος ἀνδρὸς ἀλλ’ ἐκ θεοῦ ἐγεννήθησαν. Καὶ ὁ λόγος σὰρξ ἐγένετο καὶ ἐσκήνωσεν ἐν ἡμῖν, καὶ ἐθεασάμεθα τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, δόξαν ὡς μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρός, πλήρης χάριτος καὶ ἀληθείας. Ἰωάννης μαρτυρεῖ περὶ αὐτοῦ καὶ κέκραγεν λέγων· οὗτος ἦν ὃν εἶπον· ὁ ὀπίσω μου ἐρχόμενος ἔμπροσθέν μου γέγονεν, ὅτι πρῶτός μου ἦν. ὅτι ἐκ τοῦ πληρώματος αὐτοῦ ἡμεῖς πάντες ἐλάβομεν καὶ χάριν ἀντὶ χάριτος· ὅτι ὁ νόμος διὰ Μωϋσέως ἐδόθη, ἡ χάρις καὶ ἡ ἀλήθεια διὰ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ἐγένετο. Θεὸν οὐδεὶς ἑώρακεν πώποτε· μονογενὴς θεὸς ὁ ὢν εἰς τὸν κόλπον τοῦ πατρὸς ἐκεῖνος ἐξηγήσατο.

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. This was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him, and not one thing was made without him that has been made. In him was life, and the life was the light of men. And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it. There was a man sent from God, and his name was John. This man came for a witness, to bear witness concerning the light, so that all men might believe through him. He was not the light, but was to bear witness concerning the light. That was the true light, which enlightens every man that comes into the world. He was in the world, and the world was made through him, and the world did not know him. He came to his own, and his own did not receive him. But as many as received him, he gave to them the power to become children of God, to those who believe in his name, who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. And the Word became flesh and dwelled in us, and we saw His glory, glory as it were of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. John bears witness concerning him, and has cried out, saying, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me ranks before me, because he was before me.'” For out of his fullness we have all received, and grace in place of grace. For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. No one has ever looked upon God: the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the father, himself declared.

Γλῶσσαι

  1. πρός + acc.: with (accompaniment)
  2. διά + gen.: through
  3. χωρίς + gen.: without
  4. σκοτία, -ας, ἡ: darkness
  5. ἀπεσταλμένος: (participle) sent
  6. ἵνα: (conj. introducing purpose clause) in order that (…not, lest)
  7. ὅπως: (conj. introducing purpose clause) in order that (…not, lest)
  8. ὅπως: (conj. introducing effort clause) how (…not), that (…not)
  9. ὅσος, -η, -ον: (rel. adj.) of which size, of which quantity, as much as, as many as
  10. ἐξουσία, ας, ἡ: power
  11. ἐγεννήθησαν: 3rd pl aorist passive indicative
  12. ὀπίσω + gen.: after
  13. ἔμπροσθεν + gen.: before
  14. ὅτι (conj.) because, since
  15. γεννάω, γεννήσω, ἐγέννησα, γεγέννηκα, γεγέννημαι, ἐγεννήθην: beget, give birth to, bear
  16. γίγνομαι, γενήσομαι, ἐγενόμην, γἐγονα, γεγένημαι: be born, become, happen
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